Cedar of Lebanon
The tree that draws the most attention in the Park is the Cedar of Lebanon in the west triangle, and there is a slightly smaller one in the east triangle as well. Their triangular, or pyramidal, profile and deep green needles make them stand out in all seasons. The Wikipedia entry is here.
Cedar of Lebanon is a species of cedar native to the Mediterranean region, in Lebanon, western Syria, and south-central Turkey, with varieties (which some botanists consider separate species) in southwest Turkey, Cyprus, and the Atlas Mountains in northwest Africa.
The Cedar of Lebanon near 19th Street, pitch pine in right foreground. January photo.
Cedar of Lebanon factoids:
Evergreen (most needles persist for more than one year)
Coniferous (bears cones)
it bears male and female cones on the same tree
Is on the national flag of Lebanon
Needles in bundles from tiny stems off the main branches from July photo.
Male cones don't stay on the tree for long after appearing in early September. Rounder female cones appear in late September and stay on the tree until they mature as woody cones. They open from top to bottom, dispersing ovoid seeds attached to wedge-shaped wings.
The other Cedar of Lebanon in the center of the east triangle in July
Male cone of Cedar of Lebanon
Male cones festooning the Cedar of Lebanon in the west triangle in late September.
Close up of male cones in late September on tree in west triangle. The brown cone at left in the grouping is from last year and has dispersed its pollen.